Children get sick, it’s a reality. As a parent, maybe that’s what worries you the most. The vaccines make a great contribution to prevent certain diseases from spreading, but with the rise of the tendency that some parents now have not to vaccinate their children, some diseases have reappeared. Others are less complicated and it is likely that your child has suffered. Here I talk about 10 diseases in children so you know what they are about and do not take you by surprise when the pediatrician tells you about them.
Illnesses, unfortunately, are always there threatening the possibility of affecting the health of your children. Take note of some diseases that occur in young children and babies. It is important that you are informed about it so you can identify the symptoms and seek medical attention.
- Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) or Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) . It gives symptoms similar to those of a cold. It can cause serious complications in babies, such as pneumonia and other serious respiratory problems. It is a virus that is easily transmitted by direct contact and there is no vaccine against it at present. It is best to take preventive measures such as washing hands and not sharing toys or utensils.
- Whooping cough . It causes a severe cough that makes children almost without breathing. Antibiotics do not work to fight it, so you need to get vaccinated against it. The vaccine for this disease is DTaP. Adults can also get it, so it is necessary to get vaccinated again, especially if you are caring for a baby or small child.
- Ear infection . It is very common for young children to be predisposed to develop ear infections. The reason? They have small Eustachian tubes (they are also called auditory tubes or pharyngeal tubes), which are the ones that connect the ears to the throat and can be blocked when the flu causes inflammation. This causes the fluid to get trapped in the middle ear and allow germs to multiply. The symptoms are irritability, fever and pulling (pulling) the ears. Most of these infections heal by themselves, but it is important that you consult with the pediatrician.
- Meningitis . This is called inflammation of the membranes that line the brain (the meninges) and the spine. In infants and young children, the symptoms are similar to those of a flu with a lot of irritability. There are two types of meningitis, viral and bacterial. The latter is much more serious and can have very serious consequences if not treated in time. There are some vaccines available to prevent certain types of bacterial meningitis.
- Rotavirus . Diarrhea and vomiting are the main symptoms of rotavirus. Before there was a vaccine against rotavirus, it was the leading cause of death in children from diarrhea. Fortunately, the vaccine exists today and is essential during the first months of life.
- Conjunctivitis . Red and watery eyes. Itching and a yellowish coat on the eyelashes. If the child has these symptoms, it is probably a conjunctivitis. This condition is caused by the same viruses of the common cold or by bacteria and spreads quickly in places where many children are in one place: in schools and day care centers. In most cases, conjunctivitis goes away on its own, but in others, it requires treatment. Check with your doctor.
- Chickenpox . Surely when you think of itching or itching, chicken pox or “crazy smallpox” is one of the things that comes to your mind. But beyond the bothersome blisters, chickenpox can cause serious complications in newborn babies, adults and pregnant women. Thanks to science, there is currently a vaccine designed to prevent it.
- Measles . Recently, with the boom that many parents do not want to vaccinate their children, measles has reappeared. If your children are vaccinated, you should not fear. The infection starts with symptoms similar to the flu, such as congestion, cough and fever. Then, a rash appears on the whole body. Most children recover within 2 weeks, but serious complications such as pneumonia can result from measles. Prevention with the vaccine is important.
- Mumps . Before a vaccine was developed, mumps was a fairly common disease in children. But, as with measles, many people who do not get vaccinated have contributed to the infection reappearing. Mumps does not cause symptoms, but there is a swelling of the glands between the ear and jaw.
- Kawasaki disease . With that rare name, it designates a disease that is also rare and that attacks children under 5 years old. Symptoms include high fever, rash or localized rash, red eyes, broken lips, swelling and redness of the feet and hands. If this disease is not treated, it can cause serious damage to the heart.
These are just some of the diseases that children can suffer. Being informed about them is the key to preventing them through vaccines and other measures as mentioned. Consult your pediatrician about these diseases and what you can do if they have symptoms.